A COMPLETE RANGE OF EYE CARE SERVICES UNDER ONE ROOF
WHAT IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY ?
People who suffer from diabetes tend to develop an eye condition called diabetic retinopathy. This condition generally affects people suffering from diabetes, diagnosed or undiagnosed, who have been having diabetes for a number of years. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the changes in blood sugar levels tend to change the retinal structures. In some cases, abnormal blood vessels will grow on the surface of retina and in some cases vessels might swell up and leak fluid into the back of the eye.
Who are at risk for diabetic retinopathy?
- Patients suffering from poor blood glucose control
- Patients with high blood pressure
- Long term diabetes
- Increased fats in the blood
- Protein in urine
What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
Generally symptoms of diabetic retinopathy become noticeable once the disease progresses to an advanced stage, however, typical symptoms of retinopathy are:
- Double vision
- Pain in the eye/eyes
- Eye floaters
- Blurred vision or changes in vision
What are different ways to prevent diabetic retinopathy?
In order to prevent diabetic retinopathy or to lessen the chances of its development, following can be done:
- Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly.
- Undergoing dilated eye examination yearly.
- Proper management of diabetes through diet, exercise, and insulin.
- Monitoring ketone levels in urine regularly.
How can I get diabetic retinopathy treated?
Each stage of diabetic retinopathy is treated in a different way. Laser surgery is the treatment option offered for diabetic eye disease.
There is no treatment for background retinopathy and it is monitored by means of regular eye examinations. For maculopathy, treatment is laser – Florescein Angiography
Florescein Angiography (FA) allows study of the circulation of the retina and choroid in normal as well as diseased states. It is a diagnostic procedure in which an intravenous injection of sodium fluorescein is administered after which photographs of retina are taken. Commonly known as fluorescein dye, sodium fluorescein is used to highlight the blood vessels in the back of the eye so that they can be photograph in order to arrive at a diagnosis/prognosis based on patient’s condition. A special camera is used to record the blood flow in the retina.
The test doesn’t involve any direct contact with the eyes. The patient’s eyes are dilated before the procedure.
The procedure takes about 30 minutes. The doctor can generally review the results soon after.
Florescein Angiography is a valuable test that provides vital information about the retina. The dye that gets injected appears in the blood vessels on retina in 10-15 seconds on average. As the dye travels through the retinal blood vessels, an ophthalmic photographer shoots pictures of retina with a retinal camera. In case of any abnormalities of the retina, the dye usually leaks or reveals by staining or by means of its inability to get through any blocked blood vessels.
Some of the common eye conditions that are commonly diagnosed with florescein angiography are – diabetic retinopathy, central serous retinopathy, and macular degeneration.