RETINA OF PREMATURITY [rop]
A COMPLETE RANGE OF EYE CARE SERVICES UNDER ONE ROOF
ROP SCREENING OF NEW BORNS
ROP is Retina of Prematurity, which is a disorder of developing retinal blood vessels of a preterm infant. It is a pathologic process that only occurs in immature retinal tissue. If not treated timely, it can result in functional or complete blindness.
What causes ROP?
During pregnancy, blood vessels grow from the center of a developing baby’s retina and then branch outward and reach the edges of the retina . In case of prematurely born babies, normal retinal vessel growth gets disrupted leading to development of abnormal vessels, which causes bleeding and leaking into the eye.
How ROP gets treated?
There are many cases in which ROP is mild and gets corrected on its own, however, in some cases it can progress to scarring, pulling the retina away from rest of the eye. Such cases require surgery to prevent blindness and vision loss.
The surgery for ROP aims to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels. Generally there are two types of treatment options for ROP:
1) Laser treatment: This treatment option burns away the periphery of the retina containing abnormal blood vessels.
2) Freezing treatment: During this treatment option , an instrument that generates freezing temperatures to briefly touch spots on the eye surface, is used. The treatment is targeted to save most important part of our central vision which is much needed for activities like driving, sewing, and reading.
Both of the above treatment options are invasive eye surgeries and are performed on infants with advanced ROP, particularly stage.
In some patients with later stages of ROP, scleral buckle and vitrectomy are used.